Vestmannaeyjar

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South Iceland

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Vestmannaeyjar ("Westman Islands") is a town and archipelago off the south coast of Iceland.
The largest island, Heimaey, has a population of 4,135. The other islands are uninhabited, though six have single hunting cabins. Vestmannaeyjar came to international attention in 1973 with the eruption of Eldfell volcano, which destroyed many buildings, and forced a months-long evacuation of the entire population to mainland Iceland.
The Vestmannaeyjar archipelago is considered young in geological terms. The islands lie in the Southern Icelandic Volcanic Zone and have been formed by eruptions over the past 10,000–12,000 years. The volcanic system consists of 70–80 volcanoes both above and below the sea.

There are 15 islands, and about 30 rock stacks and skerries. All the islands have been built up in submarine eruptions and consist of alternating layers of palagonite tuff and lava. The oldest geological formations are in the northern part of Heimaey ("Home Island"), the largest island and the only one of the group that is inhabited. Basalt columns can be seen in many places, and the sea has eroded the soft rock of the shoreline and scooped out many picturesque coves and grottos, which are one of the special features of the islands.

A submarine eruption took place southeast of Hellisey in 1896. The next eruption began on 14 November 1963. It lasted about four years – one of the longest in Icelandic history – and gave birth to Surtsey, the 15th island in the group. In the eruption of 1973 that lasted for 155 days, Heimaey grew by about 2.1 square kilometres (0.81 sq mi). The Westman Islands group is about 38 kilometres (24 mi) long and 29 kilometres (18 mi) broad, the closest point lying about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) from the mainland.

Vestmannaeyjar
Mánudagur
13:00
7.6°c
4.2 SW
Mánudagur
14:00
7.7°c
4.0 SW
Mánudagur
15:00
7.9°c
3.9 SW
Mánudagur
16:00
8.1°c
4.1 SW
Mánudagur
17:00
8.1°c
4.3 SW
Mánudagur
18:00
8°c
4.6 SW
Mánudagur
19:00
7.7°c
4.5 W
Mánudagur
20:00
7.5°c
4.5 W
Mánudagur
21:00
7.3°c
4.2 W
Mánudagur
22:00
7.3°c
4.0 W
Mánudagur
23:00
7.2°c
4.1 W
Þriðjudagur
0:00
7.2°c
4.3 W
Þriðjudagur
1:00
7.1°c
4.3 W
Þriðjudagur
2:00
7°c
4.1 W
Þriðjudagur
3:00
7°c
4.0 SW
Þriðjudagur
4:00
6.8°c
4.2 SW
Þriðjudagur
5:00
6.5°c
4.6 SW
Þriðjudagur
6:00
6.7°c
4.9 SW
Þriðjudagur
7:00
6.7°c
4.9 SW
Þriðjudagur
8:00
6.8°c
5.0 SW
Þriðjudagur
9:00
6.7°c
5.2 SW
Þriðjudagur
10:00
6.8°c
5.3 SW
Þriðjudagur
11:00
6.9°c
6.1 S
Þriðjudagur
12:00
7°c
6.3 S
Þriðjudagur
13:00
7.2°c
6.5 S
Þriðjudagur
14:00
7.4°c
7.1 S
Þriðjudagur
15:00
7.1°c
6.5 S
Þriðjudagur
16:00
7.5°c
7.2 S
Þriðjudagur
17:00
7.3°c
7.0 S
Þriðjudagur
18:00
7°c
6.7 S
Þriðjudagur
19:00
6.8°c
6.3 S
Þriðjudagur
20:00
6.9°c
6.0 SW
Þriðjudagur
21:00
7°c
5.8 SW
Þriðjudagur
22:00
7.3°c
6.5 SW
Þriðjudagur
23:00
7.4°c
6.8 SW
Miðvikudagur
0:00
7.4°c
6.9 SW
Miðvikudagur
1:00
7.4°c
6.8 SW
Miðvikudagur
2:00
7.3°c
6.6 SW
Miðvikudagur
3:00
7.1°c
6.6 S
Miðvikudagur
4:00
6.5°c
6.8 S
Miðvikudagur
5:00
6.8°c
6.7 S
Miðvikudagur
6:00
7°c
7.3 S
Miðvikudagur
7:00
6.8°c
7.5 S
Miðvikudagur
8:00
7°c
7.4 S
Miðvikudagur
9:00
6.1°c
5.6 SW
Miðvikudagur
10:00
6.8°c
5.2 SW
Miðvikudagur
11:00
7°c
6.0 SW
Miðvikudagur
12:00
7.3°c
7.0 SW
Miðvikudagur
13:00
7.3°c
7.6 SW
Miðvikudagur
14:00
7.3°c
8.1 SW
Miðvikudagur
15:00
7.3°c
8.3 SW
Miðvikudagur
16:00
7.2°c
8.4 SW
Miðvikudagur
17:00
7.1°c
8.6 SW
Miðvikudagur
18:00
7.2°c
8.5 SW
Miðvikudagur
19:00
7.2°c
8.5 SW
Miðvikudagur
20:00
7.1°c
8.4 SW
Miðvikudagur
21:00
7°c
8.2 SW
Miðvikudagur
22:00
7°c
8.0 SW
Miðvikudagur
23:00
6.8°c
7.9 SW
Fimmtudagur
0:00
6.7°c
7.8 SW
Fimmtudagur
6:00
5.7°c
4.6 W
Fimmtudagur
12:00
6.8°c
3.4 S
Fimmtudagur
18:00
8.2°c
10.3 SE
Föstudagur
0:00
9.4°c
9.0 S
Föstudagur
6:00
9.3°c
10.3 SE
Föstudagur
12:00
9.3°c
13.2 SE
Föstudagur
18:00
9.5°c
15.9 SE
Laugardagur
0:00
9.3°c
17.2 E
Laugardagur
6:00
9.4°c
17.2 SE
Laugardagur
12:00
10°c
17.2 E
Laugardagur
18:00
9.9°c
15.0 SE
Sunnudagur
0:00
9.6°c
10.0 SE
Sunnudagur
6:00
8.6°c
8.9 SE
Sunnudagur
12:00
8.7°c
10.1 SE
Sunnudagur
18:00
9.1°c
9.5 S
Mánudagur
0:00
8.8°c
8.3 S
Mánudagur
6:00
8.9°c
6.7 S
Mánudagur
12:00
8.6°c
7.2 S
Mánudagur
18:00
9.1°c
14.6 SE
Þriðjudagur
0:00
9.6°c
12.8 SE
Þriðjudagur
6:00
10.4°c
12.3 S
Þriðjudagur
12:00
10.1°c
8.4 SE
Þriðjudagur
18:00
10.1°c
12.2 SE
Miðvikudagur
0:00
10.2°c
13.0 SE
Miðvikudagur
6:00
8.7°c
9.4 SE
Miðvikudagur
12:00
8.9°c
10.6 SE
Miðvikudagur
18:00
9°c
7.1 SE


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